DID YOU KNOW

FACTS ABOUT THE EARTH
  • Estimated Weight (mass) (5,940,000,000,000,000,000,000 metric tons)
  • Estimated Age 4.6 billion years
  • Current Population 7.8 Billion (2020)
  • Surface Area (510,066,000 sq km)
  • Land Area (148,647,000 sq km) 29.1%
  • Ocean Area (335,258,000 sq km)
  • Total Water Area (361,419,000 sq km) 70.9%
  • Type of Water (97% salt), (3% fresh)
  • Circumference at the equator (40,066 km)
  • Circumference at the poles (39, 992 km)
  • Diameter at the equator (12,753 km)
  • Diameter at the poles (12,710 km)
  • Radius at the equator (6,376 km)
  • Radius at the poles (6,355 km)
  • Orbit Speeds The earth orbits the Sun at (66,700 mph), (107,320 km per hour)
  • Sun Orbit The earth orbits the Sun every 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds

MAJOR ISLANDS (by size)
  • Australia (7,617.930 sq km)
  • Greenland (2,175,600 sq km)
  • New Guinea (792,500 sq km)
  • Borneo (725,500 sq km)
  • Madagascar (587,000 sq km)
  • Baffin (507,500 sq km)
  • Sumatra (427,300 sq km)
  • Honshu (227,400 sq km)
  • Great Britain (218,100 sq km)
  • Victoria (217,300 sq km)
  • Ellesmere (196,200 sq km)
  • Celebes (178,650 sq km)
  • New Zealand (south) (151,000 sq km)
  • Java (126,700 sq km)
  • New Zealand (north) (114,000 sq km)
  • Newfoundland (108,900 sq km)

MAJOR RIVERS (By Length)
  • Nile, Africa (6,825 km)
  • Amazon, South America (6,437 km)
  • Chang Jiang (Yangtze), Asia (6,380 km)
  • Mississippi, North America (5,971 km)
  • Yenisey-Angara, Asia (5,536 km)
  • Huang (Yellow), Asia (5,464 km)
  • Ob-Irtysh, Asia (5,410 km)
  • Amur, Asia (4,416 km)
  • Lena, Asia (4,400 km)
  • Congo, Africa (4,370 km)
  • Mackenzie-Peace, North America (4,241 km)
  • Mekong, Asia (4,184 km)
  • Niger, Africa (4,171 km)

LARGEST COUNTRIES (by land mass)
  • Russia 17,075,400 sq km, (6,592,846 sq miles)
  • Canada 9,330,970 sq km, (3,602,707 sq miles)
  • China 9,326,410 sq km, (3,600,947 sq miles)
  • USA 9.166,600 sq km, (3,539,242 sq miles)
  • Brazil 8,456,510 sq km, (3,265,075 sq miles)
  • Australia 7,617,930 sq km, (2,941,283 sq miles)
  • India 2,973,190 sq km, (1,147,949 sq miles)
  • Argentina 2,736,690 sq km, (1,056,636 sq miles)
  • Kazakhstan 2,717,300 sq km, (1,049,150 sq miles)
  • Sudan 2,376,000 sq km, (917,374 sq miles)

YOUNGEST COUNTRIES
  • Montenegro (July, 2006)
  • Serbia (July, 2006)
  • East Timor (2002)
  • Palau (1994)
  • Czech Republic (1993)
  • Eritrea (1993)
  • Slovakia (1993)
  • Bosnia/Hertzegovina (1992)

POOREST COUNTRIES (GNP in USA Dollars)
  • Mozambique ($80)
  • Somalia ($100)
  • Eritrea ($100)
  • Ethiopia ($100)
  • Congo, DNC ($100)

RICHEST COUNTRIES >(GNP in USA Dollars)
  • Luxembourg ($45,360)
  • Switzerland ($44,355)
  • Japan ($41,010)
  • Liechtenstein ($40,000)
  • Norway ($34,515)

TALLEST MOUNTAINS (On Each Continent)
  • Mount Everest 8850m (29035ft) Asia
  • Aconcagua 6959m (22831ft) S. America
  • Mount McKinley 6194m (20320ft) N. America
  • Mount Kilimanjaro 5963m (19563ft) Africa
  • Mount Elbrus 5633m (18481ft) Europe
  • Puncak Jaya 4884m (16023ft) Oceania
  • Vinson Massif 4897m (16066ft) Antarctica
Note: The dormant volcano Mauna Kea (on the Big Island of Hawaii) could be considered the tallest mountain in the world. If you measure it from its base in the Hawaiian Trough (3,300 fathoms deep) to its summit of 13,796 feet, it reaches a height of 33,476 feet.

LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD Languages spoken by the most people (Native speakers only)
  • Chinese Mandarin 1 billion +
  • English 512 million
  • Hindi 501 million
  • Spanish 399 million
  • Russian 285 million
  • Arabic 265 million
  • Bengali 245 million
  • Portuguese 196 million
  • Malay-Indonesian 140 million
  • Japanese 125 million
  • German 100 million
  • Korean 78 million
  • French 77 million
  • Chinese, Wu 77 million
  • Javanese 75 million
  • Chinese. Yue 71 million

LARGEST CITIES ON THE PLANET! Revised (10/01/04)
  • Shanghai, China 13.3 million
  • Mumbai (Bombay), India 12.6 million
  • Buenos Aires, Argentina 11.92 million
  • Moscow, Russia 11.3 million
  • Karachi, Pakistan 10.9 million
  • Delhi, India 10.4 million
  • Manila, Philippines 10.3 million
  • Sao Paulo, Brazil 10.26 million
  • Seoul, South Korea 10.2 million
  • Istanbul, Turkey 9.6 million
  • Jakarta, Indonesia 9.0 million
  • Mexico City, Mexico 8.7 million
  • Lagos, Nigeria 8.68 million
  • Lima, Peru 8.38 million
  • Tokyo, Japan 8.3 million
  • New York City, USA 8.09 million
  • Cairo, Egypt 7.6 million
  • London, UK 7.59 million
  • Teheran, Iran 7.3 million
  • Beijing, China 7.2 million
Note:Numbers shown are the population within the recognized city limits, and do not include people living in the immediate surrounding area outside of the established border of the city. For the largest metropolitan areas refer to the list below this one.

LARGEST METRO AREAS IN THE WORLD
  • New York City - Philadelphia area, USA 30.1 million
  • Mexico City, Mexico 21.5 million
  • Seoul, South Korea 20.15 million
  • Sao Paulo, Brazil 19.9 million
  • Jakarta, Indonesia 18.2 million
  • Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto, Japan 17.6 million
  • New Delhi, India 17.36 million
  • Mumbai, India (Bombay) 17.34 million
  • Los Angeles, USA 16.7 million
  • Cairo, Egypt 15.86 million
  • Calcutta, India 14.3 million
  • Manila, Philippines 14.1 million
  • Shanghai, China 13.9 million
  • Buenos Aires, Argentina 13.2 million
  • Moscow, Russian Fed. 12.2 million
Note: Numbers shown are the population within the immediate surrounding area of the established border of the city, and also include the city limit population figures. Revised (09/05)

WETTEST INHABITED PLACES (Rain fall in inches per year)
  • Buenaventira, Colombia 267"
  • Monrovia, Liberia 202"
  • Pagp Pago, American Samoa 198"
  • Moulein, Burma (Myanmar) 192"
  • Lae, Papua New Guinea 183"
  • Baguio, Philippines 180"
  • Sylhet, Bangladesh 178"

LOWEST SURFACE POINTS (Below Sea Level, On Each Continent)
  • Dead Sea, Asia -409 meters
  • Lake Assal, Africa -156 meters
  • Death Valley, North America -86 meters
  • Valdés Peninsula, South America -40 meters
  • Caspian Sea, Europe -28 meters
  • Lake Eyre, Australia -16 meters
  • Antarctica (ice covered) -2,538 meters

DRIEST INHABITED PLACES (Rain fall in inches per year)
  • Aswan, Egypt 0.02"
  • Luxor, Egypt 0.03"
  • Arica Desert, Chile 0.04"
  • Ica, Peru 0.1"
  • Antofagasta, Chile 0.2"
  • El Minya, Egypt 0.2"
  • Asyut, Egypt 0.2"

OCEANS OF THE WORLD (by size)
  • Pacific (155,557,000 sq km)
  • Atlantic (76,762,000 sq km)
  • Indian (68,556,000 sq km)
  • Southern (20,327,000 sq km)
  • Arctic (14,056,000 sq km)
Note: the Southern Ocean was approved in 2000 by the International Hydrographic Organization. It is now the fourth largest ocean.


OCEANS' GREATEST DEPTHS
  • Mariana Trench, Pacific Ocean 35,827 ft
  • Puerto Rico Trench, Atlantic Ocean 30,246 ft
  • Java Trench, Indian Ocean 24,460 ft
  • Arctic Basin, Arctic Ocean 18,456 ft

DEEPEST OCEANS & SEAS
  • Pacific Ocean (35,827 ft) (10,924 meters)
  • Atlantic Ocean (30,246 ft) (9,219 meters)
  • Indian Ocean (24,460 ft) (7,455 meters)
  • Caribbean Sea (22,788 ft) (6,946 meters)
  • Arctic Ocean (18,456 ft) (5,625 meters)
  • South China Sea (16,456 ft) (5,016 meters)
  • Bering Sea (15,659 ft) (4,773 meters)
  • Mediterranean Sea (15,197 ft) (4,632 meters)
  • Gulf of Mexico (12,425 ft) (3,787 meters)
  • Japan Sea (12,276 ft) (3,742 meters)
Note that official depths for the Southern Ocean are still not available at this time. (2009)


CONTINENTS (by size)
  • Asia (44,579,000 sq km)
  • Africa (30,065,000 sq km)
  • North America (24,256,000 sq km)
  • South America (17,819,000 sq km)
  • Antarctica (13,209,000 sq km)
  • Europe (9,938,000 sq km)
  • Australia/Oceania (7,687,000 sq km)

CONTINENTS (by population) 2006 est.
  • Asia (3,879,000,000)
  • Africa (877,500,000)
  • Europe (727,000,000)
  • North America (501,500,000)
  • South America (379,500,000)
  • Australia/Oceania (32,000,000)
  • Antarctica (0)

CONTINENTS (by the number of countries)
  • Africa (53)
  • Europe (46)
  • Asia (44)
  • North America (23)
  • Oceania (14)
  • South America (12)

SMALLEST COUNTRIES (by land mass)
  • Vatican City 0.44 sq km, (0.17 sq miles)
  • Monaco 1.95 sq km, (0.75 sq miles)
  • Nauru 21.2 sq km, (8.2 sq miles)
  • Tuvalu 26 sq km, (10 sq miles)
  • San Marino 61 sq km, (24 sq miles)
  • Liechtenstein 160 sq km, (62 sq miles)
  • Marshall Islands 181 sq km, (70 sq miles)
  • Seychelles 270 sq km, (104 sq miles)
  • Maldives 300 sq km, (116 sq miles)
  • St. Kitts and Nevis 360 sq km, (139 sq miles)

OLDEST COUNTRIES
  • San Marino (301 AD)
  • France (486 AD)
  • Bulgaria (632 AD)
  • Denmark (950 AD)
  • Portugal (1143 AD)
  • Andorra (1278 AD)
  • Switzerland (1291 AD)

TOP 10 TALLEST MOUNTAINS
  • Mount Everest 8850m (29035ft) Nepal/China
  • Qogir (K2) 8611m (28250ft) Pakistan
  • Kangchenjunga 8586m (28169ft) Nepal
  • Lhotse 8516m (28251ft) Nepal
  • Makalu I 8462m (27765ft) Nepal
  • Cho Oyu 8201m (26906ft) Nepal
  • Dhaulagiri 8167m (26794ft) Nepal
  • Manaslu I 8156m (26758ft) Nepal
  • Nanga Parbat 8125m (26658ft) Pakistan
  • Annapurna I 8091m (26545ft) Nepal

COUNTRIES WITH MOST LAND BORDERS (The Most Neighboring Countries)
  • China (14)
  • Russian Federation (14)
  • Brazil (10)
  • Congo, Germany and Sudan (9)
  • Austria, France, Tanzania, Turkey and Zambia (8)

COUNTRIES (Highest Density people per square km)
  • Monaco 16,205
  • Singapore 6,386
  • Malta 1,261
  • Maldives 1,164
  • Bahrain 1,035
  • Bangladesh 1,002
  • Vatican City 920
  • Barbados 648
  • Nauru 621
  • Mauritius 603

COUNTRIES(Lowest Density - people per square km)
  • Mongolia 2
  • Namibia 2
  • Australia 3
  • Botswana 3
  • Iceland 3
  • Suriname 3
  • Libya 3
  • Mauritania 3
  • Canada 3
  • Guyana 4

COUNTRY POPULATION (smallest - February, 2006 numbers)
  • Vatican City 920
  • Tuvalu 11,640
  • Nauru 13,050
  • Palau 20,300
  • San Marino 28,880
  • Monaco 32,410
  • Liechtenstein 33,720
  • St. Kitts 38,960
  • Marshall Islands 59,070
  • Antigua and Barbuda 68,720

COUNTRY POPULATION (largest - February, 2006 numbers)
  • China 1,306,313,800
  • India 1,080,264,400
  • USA 295,734,100
  • Indonesia 241,973,900
  • Brazil 186,112,800
  • Pakistan 162,419,900
  • Bangladesh 144,319,600
  • Russia 143,420,300
  • Nigeria 128,772,000
  • Japan 127,417,200

Hottest,Coldest,Driest,Wettest
  • Hottest Place Dalol, Denakil Depression, Ethiopia annual average temperature (93.2°F, 34°C)
  • Coldest Place Plateau Station, Antarctica annual average temperature (-56.7°C)
  • Wettest Place Mawsynram, Assam, India annual average rainfall (11,873 mm, 467.4")
  • Driest Place Atacama Desert, Chile imperceptible rainfall on a yearly basis

LARGEST DESERTS OF THE WORLD
    (SUBTROPICAL)
  • Sahara, North Africa 3,320,000 sq. miles
  • Arabian, Middle East 900,000 sq. miles
  • Kalahari, Southern Africa 360,000 sq. miles
  • Great Victoria, Australia 250,000 sq. miles
  • Syrian, Syria, Jordan, Iraq 200,000 sq. miles
  • Chihuahuan, Mexico, U.S. 175,000 sq. miles
  • Great Sandy, Australia 150,000 sq. miles
  • Sonoran, Mexico, U.S. 120,000 sq. miles
  • Thar, India, Pakistan 77,000 sq. miles
  • Gibson, Australia 60,000 sq. miles
  • Simpson, Australia 56,000 sq. miles
  • Mohave, S,W, USA 25,000 sq. miles
    (COOL COASTAL)
  • Atacama, Chile SA 54,000 sq. miles
  • Namib, S.W. Africa 31,000 sq. miles
    (COLD WINTER)
  • Gobi, China, Mongolia 500,000 sq. miles
  • Patagonian, Argentina 260,000 sq. miles
  • Great Basin, S.W. USA 190,000 sq. miles
  • Karakum, Turkmenistan 135,000 sq. miles
  • Colorado Plateau, Western USA 130,000 sq. miles
  • Kyzyl Kum, West Asia 115,000 sq. miles
  • Taklamakan, China 105,000 sq. miles
  • Dasht-e Kavir, Iran 30,000 sq. miles
    (POLAR)
  • Antarctic 5,339,000 sq. miles
  • Arctic 5,300,000 sq. miles